अमेरिकी नागरिकको मृत्यु

कुनै पनि परिवार वा साथीका लागि आफ्नो प्रियजनको मृत्यु एक दुःखदायी घडी हो । नेपालमा मृत्यु हुँदा के कस्ता विकल्प छन् र के कस्ता प्रक्रिया अपनाउनु पर्दछ भन्ने ’bout दूतावासले मृतकको नजिकको नातेदारलार्इ जानकारी प्रदान गर्न सक्दो प्रयास गर्दछ । यस्तो दुःखद घडीमा हामी मृतक लगायत सबैलार्इ सम्मानका साथ व्यवहार गरियोस् भन्ने कुराको सुनिश्चित गर्न चाहन्छौं ।

नेपालमा अमेरिकी नागरिकको मृत्यु भएको खबर रिपोर्ट गर्नका लागि कृपया +९७७-१-४२३-४००० मा कार्यालय समयभित्र टेलिफोन गर्नुहोला । बेलुका ५ बजेको समयपछि र शनिबार/आइतबार तथा बिदाका दिनमा माथिकै नम्बरमा कल गरी अपरेटरलार्इ अमेरिकी नागरिकसम्बन्धी आकस्मिक अवस्था’bout बताउनुहोस् । आफूलार्इ ड्युटी अफिसरसँग सम्पर्क गर्न लगाइदिनुहोस् । ड्युटी अफिसर अमेरिकी नागरिकहरूको जीवन र सुरक्षासँग सम्बन्धित आकस्मिक अवस्थाहरूका लागि अन-कलमा बसेका हुन्छन् तर उनले भिसासम्बन्धी जिज्ञासा वा अन्य नियमित सेवाहरू’bout भने तपार्इंलार्इ सहयोग गर्ने छैनन् । यदि मुख्य नम्बर काम नगरेको खण्डमा तपार्इंले हाम्रो ब्याकअप नम्बर +९७७-०१-४००-७२०० मा पनि कल गर्न सक्नुहुन्छ । गैरआकस्मिक समस्याका लागि ConsKTM@state.gov मा ईमेल गर्नुहोला । कुनै पनि मृत्यु स्थानीय प्रहरीलार्इ समेत १०० मा डायल गरी खबर गरिनु पर्दछ ।

आकस्मिक सहायता आवश्यक नपरेको अवस्थामा पनि चाहे यहाँ बसोबास गर्ने होस् वा पर्यटक होस् कुनै पनि अमेरिकी नागरिकको मृत्यु ’bout दूतावासलाई खबर गरिनु पर्दछ ताकि विदेशमा अमेरिकी नागरिकको मृत्युसम्बन्धी कन्सुलर प्रतिवेदन जारी गर्न सकिनेछ । उक्त प्रतिवदेन अमेरिकामा कानूनी तथा सम्पत्तिसम्बन्धी मामला हल गर्न आवश्यक पर्दछ । उक्त दस्तावेज निम्न सामग्री बुझाइसकेपछि जारी गरिनेछ : मृतकको सक्कल प्रति राहदानी, मृत्युको कारण उल्लेख गरिएको अस्पताल वा चिकित्सकको रिपोर्टको सक्कल प्रति, र वडा कार्यालयबाट जारी गरिएको मृत्यु दर्ता प्रमाणपत्रको सककल प्रति । कृपया स्मरण गर्नुहोला, विदेशमा अमेरिकी नागरिकको मृत्युसम्बन्धी कन्सुलर प्रतिवेदन जारी गर्नुअघि कन्सुलर अफिसरले मृतकको राहदानी रद्द गर्नुपर्ने हुन्छ ।

विदेशमा मृत्यु भएका अमेरिकी नागरिकलाई स्वदेश पठाउनका निम्ति अमेरिकी विदेश मन्त्रालयले कुनै आर्थिक सहयोग प्रदान गर्दैन । तर मृतकको शव व्यवस्थापनको लागि मृतकको नेपालमा कोही नरहेको अवस्थामा भने अमेरिकी नागरिक सेवा इकाइले सम्पर्क व्यक्तिको रुपमा सहयोग गर्नेछ । हामीले नजिकको नातेदारलाई जानकारी प्रदान गर्ने, मृत्यु भएको देशभित्रका सम्बन्धित कार्यालयहरूलाई आवश्यक निर्देशन दिने, तथा शव व्यवस्थापनमा लाग्ने खर्चका लागि आउने निजी रकम स्थानान्तरण गर्न सहयोग पुर्‍याउँछौं । शव व्यवस्थापनका सम्बन्धमा अमेरिकी तथा स्थानीय कानून र अमेरिकी तथा विदेशी भन्सार नियम लागू हुन्छन् । साथै मृत्यु हुने देशमा उपलब्ध सेवाहरू अमेरिकाको भन्दा निकै भिन्न हुनसक्छ । नेपालमा शव व्यवस्थापनसम्बन्धी थप जानकारी तल उपलब्ध छ ।

(पछिल्लो पटक सेप्टेम्बर २०१७ मा अद्यावधिक गरिएको)

Religious Profile and Funeral Customs of Nepal

Although officially a secular nation, the great majority of Nepalis follow Hinduism or Buddhism. There are also small Christian and Muslim minorities. Religious services for all of these religious are available in Nepal, although availability of Christian and Muslim services may be limited depending on the area. Because cremation is used in Hindu and Buddhist ceremonies, burial in Nepal is relatively rare and practically impossible for a foreigner. Do not expect that burial will be an option in Nepal.

Minimum or Maximum Period Before Disposition of Remains

There are no minimum or maximum time periods before final disposition of remains according to Nepali law. It is important to note that there are no long-term mortuary facilities in Nepal. Deceased foreigners must either be cremated locally or embalmed and shipped home. The largest and most commonly-used morgue facility in Nepal is at the Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital (TUTH), which can provide short or medium-term storage for more than 100 bodies. Most forensic, autopsy, and embalming services take place at TUTH. The refrigeration cost is US$25 per day. Grande International Hospital can store two bodies for up to two days, or longer with management approval. The cost per-day is approximately US$30. Norvic International hospital can also store two bodies for up to two days, or longer with management approval. The cost per-day for American citizens is approximately US$100. The Western Regional Hospital in Pokhara charges US$20 a day for refrigeration. The U.S. and German Embassies maintain short-term body freezers for use in very limited emergency situations only.

If a U.S citizen dies outside of Kathmandu, traditional cremation may be the only option available. Many popular trekking areas are in very remote areas; long distances and extended travel times can make transportation of remains unrealistic. In addition, there are no reliable storage facilities outside Kathmandu, in part because daily power outages cut the ability of any available facilities to properly store remains. Private helicopter companies can make arrangement to retrieve and return a body to Kathmandu if requested by and paid for by the next-of-kin. The cost may reach US$10,000, depending on the location.

Cremation

Electric cremation services are available in Kathmandu, but the most common cremation practice in Nepal involves a traditional wood fire on the banks of a local river. Religious services can be arranged in conjunction with the cremation. If the next‑of‑kin desires, the ashes of the deceased can be collected and shipped overseas in an urn. Please note that local cremation often does not result in fine ash as in the United States, rather somewhat larger-sized ash remains.

Embalming and Repatriation

If the body will be repatriated from Nepal to a foreign country, embalming is required. Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital in Kathmandu can provide embalming onsite. A private mortician can also complete embalming and preparation for international shipment off-site.

After the decision to repatriate the body is made, it will be important that the family also pick a U.S. funeral home as soon as possible. The U.S. funeral home staff will need to coordinate with the Nepali mortuary service provider to confirm acceptance and transportation of the casket from the relevant airline at the most convenient nearby airport. This process must be completed before transportation can be initiated. Please note that it is generally easiest to pick a single air carrier with as few connections as possible between Kathmandu and the final destination.

Caskets and Containers

Transportation caskets are available locally, but may fall short of U.S. standards in terms appearance. A local mortuary service provider will seal the transportation casket and coordinate screening and export clearance with local customs officials at Tribhuvan International Airport.

Exportation of Remains

Local requirements for the exportation of human remains are as follows:

– Proper embalming and enclosure of remains
– Doctor’s embalming certificate
– Police letter
– Customs export declaration
– Death certificate

Exhumation

Since burials are not generally allowed in Nepal, exhumation is not applicable.

Autopsies

The Nepali police often require an autopsy when a foreigner dies in Nepal under suspicious or unknown circumstances. If the next of kin prefers to waive the autopsy, the Embassy is happy to provide a letter of support. We cannot guarantee that an autopsy will be waived, however, as the local police make the final decision based upon the unique circumstances of each situation. Autopsies are performed at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital in Kathmandu. When police require an autopsy, the fee of US$950 is generally waived. There is, however, an extra refrigeration fee of US$25 that must be paid for each day the remains are stored at the Teaching Hospital facility, even if the police require the autopsy. Please know that autopsy services and analysis in Nepal may not be up to Western standards.  A death certificate (often with an initial assessment of cause of death) is usually issued the same day as the autopsy, but a full report may take 3-4 weeks to be completed.

Local Documentation

Several locally-produced documents will be required for completing a Consular Report of Death Abroad of a U.S. citizen, the official government that can be used to initiate estate proceedings. Depending on the circumstances of the death, the following documents may be required:

– If police are involved, a copy of any reports related to the death from any police station that issues a report.
– A one-page death certificate from the physician and/or hospital that certified the deceased’s date and time of death.
– A one-page local death registration certificate obtained from the local area ward office

Estimated Costs

Cremation Services Price-Range Embalming Services Price-Range
Cremation Fee $500-1,500 Embalming Fee $500-750
Preparation of Cremated Remains for Shipment, including Urn and Documentation $200-500 Preparation of Embalmed Remains for Shipment, including Storage, Casket, and Documentation $5,000
Transportation Cost for Typical Export-Type Urn with Human Ashes from Nepal to USA Approx. $100 via cheapest method, more via air freight Transportation Cost (Air Freight) for Typical Export-Type Casket with Human Remains from Nepal to USA Minimum $15 per kg, average $2,000+
Estimated Total US$1,500+ Estimated Total US$10,000+

 

(Last updated May 2018)

C&K Nepal Travel and Tours Pvt. Ltd.
3rd Floor JDA Complex
Sundhara, Kathmandu
Contact: Bishwesh Shrestha, Shibesh Shrestha, Uttam Pradhan
Phone:  +977-1-4249802, 4248903, 4248904
Fax:  +977-1-4252123
Mobile: +977-9851021483, 9851021602, 9851097706
Email: cnkinfo@cnknepal.com.np, bishwesthrestha@hotmail.com

Global Assistance Nepal Pvt. Ltd.
Pratik Bhawan, Sitapaila
Ring Road, Kathmandu
PO Box: 10901
Contact: Puspa Das Shrestha/ Sailendra Kumar Shrestha
Phone:  +977-1-4272264, 4273740
Fax:  +977-1-4272164
Mobile: +977-9851020192, 9851026117

Holy Heaven Service Pvt. Ltd.
Contact: Mr. Subarna Kuchikar
Sanepa-2, Lalitpur
Mobile: +977-9808284066, 9851006290

Jana Kalyan Sanstha
Bhote Bahal, Kathmandu
Contact: Mohan Lal Shrestha / Nabin Shrestha
Phone:  +977-9813653306, 9803205665

Nepal Funeral & Repatriation Services Pvt. Ltd.
Koteswor 35, Kathmandu
Contact: Raj Kumar Banjara
Phone/Fax:  +977-1-5149096
Mobile:  +977-9851023082, 9802023082, 9823510666
Email: nepalfuneral@gmail.com, ops@nepalfuneral.com
http://www.nepalfuneral.com

Nirvana Funeral Services
Contact: Walter Schweiger
Mobile:  +977-9851022295
Email: newnirvana2010@yahoo.com, bestintown097@gmail.com
https://www.nirvanafunerals.com

DISCLAIMER: The U.S. Embassy Kathmandu assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the above persons or firms. Names are listed alphabetically and the order in which they appear has no other significance. Professional credentials and areas of expertise are provided directly by the funeral directors, morticians, and other service providers. 

(Last updated May 2018)