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Nepal 2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor
September 30, 2021

In 2020, Nepal made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The government acceded to the Palermo Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children. It also published the Report on Employment Relationship Survey in the Brick Industry in Nepal, which provides information on the prevalence of child labor, forced labor, and bonded labor in the brick production sector. In addition, the government drafted an action plan for the elimination of child labor to facilitate the implementation of the Second National Master Plan on the Elimination of Child Labor, which aims to abolish all forms of child labor by 2025 and the worst forms of child labor by 2022. However, children in Nepal are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Children also engage in the production of bricks. Although the government made meaningful efforts in all relevant areas during the reporting period, it does not meet international standards for legal prohibitions against child trafficking and legal prohibitions against the use of children for illicit activities. In addition, the Department of Labor’s budget, the number of labor inspectors, and available resources and training are insufficient for enforcing labor laws, including those related to child labor. Read More (PDF 139 KB)